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Harvard Forest Data Archive

HF325

LANDIS-II PnET Impacts of Warming on Forest Net Primary Productivity in New England 2010-2100

Related Publications

Data

  • hf325-01: climate and soil input files
  • hf325-02: LANDIS-II ecoregion and initial community maps
  • hf325-03: PnET-Succession input files
  • hf325-04: LANDIS-II scenario files
  • hf325-05: LANDIS-II Base-wind input files

Overview

  • Lead: Matthew Duveneck
  • Investigators: Jonathan Thompson
  • Contact: Matthew Duveneck
  • Start date: 2010
  • End date: 2100
  • Status: completed
  • Location: New England
  • Latitude: +40.9 to +47.4
  • Longitude: -74.0 to -66.9
  • Elevation: 0 to 2000 meter
  • Taxa: Abies balsamea (balsam fir), Acer rubrum (maple), Acer saccharum (sugar maple), Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch), Betula lenta (sweet birch), Betula papyrifera (paper birch), Betula populifolia (gray birch), Carya glabra (pignut hickory), Fagus grandifolia (American beech), Fraxinus americana (white ash), Fraxinus nigra (black ash), Larix laricina (tamarack (native)), Ostrya virginiana (eastern hophornbeam), Picea glauca (white spruce), Picea mariana (black spruce), Picea rubens (red spruce), Pinus resinosa (red pine), Pinus rigida (pitch pine), Pinus strobus (eastern white pine), Populus balsamifera (balsam poplar), Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen), Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen), Prunus serotina (black cherry), Quercus alba (white oak), Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak), Quercus prinus (chestnut oak), Quercus rubra (northern red oak), Quercus velutina (black oak), Thuja occidentalis (northern white-cedar), Tilia americana (American basswood), Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock), Ulmus americana (American elm)
  • Release date: 2019
  • Revisions:
  • EML file: knb-lter-hfr.325.1
  • DOI: digital object identifier
  • EDI: data package
  • DataONE: data package
  • Related links:
  • Study type: modeling
  • Research topic: ecological informatics and modelling; physiological ecology, population dynamics and species interactions; regional studies
  • LTER core area: disturbance, primary production
  • Keywords: carbon, climate change, modeling, net primary production, species composition
  • Abstract:

    Climate warming is expected to lengthen growing seasons of temperate forest ecosystems and increase gross primary productivity. Simultaneously, warming is expected to increase summer ecosystem respiration, which could offset gains accrued from longer growing seasons. These responses have been observed during anomalously warm years, but the role of future climate change on phenological trade‐offs and how they affect net primary productivity (NPP) at regional scales in temperate forests remain unexplored. We simulated scenarios of climate change on monthly forest NPP throughout 18 million hectares of temperate forests in New England, USA, through year 2100. Using an ecophysiological model coupled to a forest landscape model, we simulated scenarios of climate change on monthly NPP. A high emission scenario (RCP 8.5), resulted in longer growing seasons that offset midsummer ecosystem respiration costs and produced greater annual NPP throughout the study landscape compared to simulations using the current climate. In spring and autumn months, temperature was positively associated with greater NPP; in summer months, the relationship was negative. Spatially, the greatest increase in NPP occurred in the warmer southern region under a warm climate scenario with increased precipitation. Under a warm scenario with drier conditions, the greatest increase in NPP occurred in the cooler northern region. Phenological trade‐offs will affect NPP of future forests and their potential to serve as a negative feedback to climate change. Barring other limitations, longer growing seasons will offset greater respiratory demands and contribute to increases in NPP throughout the temperate forests of New England in the future.

  • Methods:

    This study used the LANDIS-II v6.1 forest landscape modeling framework with the PnET-Succession v1.0 extension.

    For a detailed description of methods, please see the published paper: Duveneck, Matthew J., and Jonathan R. Thompson. "Climate change imposes phenological trade‐offs on forest net primary productivity." Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 122.9 (2017): 2298-2313.

  • Use:

    This dataset is released to the public under Creative Commons license CC BY (Attribution). Please keep the designated contact person informed of any plans to use the dataset. Consultation or collaboration with the original investigators is strongly encouraged. Publications and data products that make use of the dataset must include proper acknowledgement.

  • Citation:

    Duveneck M. 2019. LANDIS-II PnET Impacts of Warming on Forest Net Primary Productivity in New England 2010-2100. Harvard Forest Data Archive: HF325.

Detailed Metadata

hf325-01: climate and soil input files

  • Compression: zip
  • Format: zip
  • Type: txt

hf325-02: LANDIS-II ecoregion and initial community maps

  • Compression: zip
  • Format: zip
  • Type: img

hf325-03: PnET-Succession input files

  • Compression: zip
  • Format: zip
  • Type: txt

hf325-04: LANDIS-II scenario files

  • Compression: zip
  • Format: zip
  • Type: txt

hf325-05: LANDIS-II Base-wind input files

  • Compression: zip
  • Format: zip
  • Type: txt